The generic name comes from the Celtic lin - thread, since in the stems during their drawing there are numerous filaments - bast fibers. Flax is an old cultivated plant whose origin place is not known. It was grown to produce fiber for 4-5 thousand years BC in Mesopotamia, Assyria and Egypt. The ancient Egyptians wrapped the mummies initially in woolen, and then in flax cloth.

Flax has two cultural varieties – long stalked flax, curl flax. Seeds of these two varieties are equivalent. In our country, long stalked flax is cultivated in state farms and collective farms in the northwestern regions.

Ripened flax is plucked from the ground with roots, which increases the length of the fiber. This is done by special flax harvesters. After drying on the field, the tips are threshed, the seeds obtained are peeled.

The use of flax is very wide in medicine. Flaxseed oil is used in dietary nutrition, especially when atherosclerosis, as it is the donor of unsaturated fatty acids, which go to the synthesis of PG. It is the basis of the drug linetol. It is used to make green soap “Sapo viridis”, which is part of some ointments, for example, Wilkinson's ointment. Slime from flaxseed is used in everyday life as a hair fixer. Vitamin F obtained from flax seeds is included in cosmetic skin food.

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